Job Safety Analysis in Construction and Heavy Industry Projects
Workers in construction and heavy industry projects are always at risk of injury. Although we cannot completely eliminate risk, it is possible to reduce it or control it. Risk can also be accepted as a normal part of doing a job. You need to ask the question of how much risk you and your employees are willing to accept.
Every day and with every task, there is risk. Your exposure to risk determines risk. Risk is the possibility that something bad is going to happen with severe outcome. The decisions that we make involves daily risks. You need to understand the risk and be willing to accept it.
Controlling risk is a function of management. In order to understand risk and keep it in an acceptable level, there are good tools that can be used. The tool used for this purpose is the job safety analysis tool.
The ones who can control risk are the people doing the work their supervisors. When planning and executing tasks, those who need to be involved should be given an opportunity to be involved and to be kept informed of developments that can increase the risks and change the measures needed to deal with them.
Hazards are known by workers but they are not reported. Many incident investigations have found that workers in the area know that hazards exist. Workers kept quiet about it thinking that hazard was normal and risk was acceptable. With this attitude, how can these workers help reduce risk?
One of the things that complicates communication of risk on a construction site is the fact that each person’s perception of risk and level of risk tolerance is different. The job safety analysis is a tool used to improve and document the communication process and ensure mutual understanding of risks and controls by all the people involved.
In the risk management process, job safety analysis is very important especially is the heavy industry. It is a management tool used to reduce the level of risk to the lowest possible acceptable level by allowing all members of a team to interact and develop a common understanding of the task, procedures and hazards associated with completing the task.
What affects the quality of information on the document and the level of input by workers involved is the kind of perception, good or bad, of the job safety analysis as a planning tool by the person completing it.
Willingness of employees to communicate and control risk is influenced by the amount of trust given to individuals and internal power relations. Individual experience, risk assessment, and individual perception of a particular risk with respect to other people on the team or in the area are other factors that influence communication. For every project, you just want to finish it on time, under budget with everyone safe.